A movement to reform the article began, and invitations to attend a convention in Philadelphia to discuss amendments to the articles were sent in 1787 to state legislators. In May of the same year, delegates from 12 of the 13 states (Rhode Island did not send representatives) met in Philadelphia to begin the government reshuffle. Delegates to the Constitutional Convention quickly began drafting a new constitution for the United States. America`s first constitution, the Articles of Confederation, was ratified in 1781, at a time when the nation was a confederation of bulk states, each working as independent countries. The national government consisted of a single legislative power, the Congress of Confederation; there was no president or judicial branch. The United States does not grant a title of nobility: and no one who holds a function of profit or trust among them can accept a gift, rank, any function or title of a king, prince or foreign state without the consent of Congress. The terms of the Constitution are not optional. Nor are they mere springboards or starting points for individual (or judicial) speculation or specific subjective preferences: if the provisions of the Constitution provide for a sufficiently clear government rule, this rule is the supreme law of the country and must be respected. Similarly, decisions on these issues must remain open to the people if the provisions of the Constitution do not set a rule – if it leaves things open. Finally, while the Constitution says nothing about a subject, it does not say anything about it and cannot be used to make the decisions of representative government.

It is not open to the courts, legislators or other government officials to “make” new constitutional meanings that are not supported by the document itself. May 25, 1787 was inaugurated in Philadelphia, at the Pennsylvania State House, now Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence had been adopted eleven years earlier. There were 55 delegates representing the 13 states, with the exception of Rhode Island, who refused to send representatives because they did not want a powerful central government to interfere in their economic activities. George Washington, who became a national hero after leading the Continental Army to victory during the American Revolution, was unanimously elected President of the Convention. The statutes of the Confederacy gave Congress the power to regulate foreign policy, to wage war and to regulate the currency; In reality, these powers were severely limited because Congress did not have the power to impose its demands for money or troops on the states. To regulate trade with foreign nations and between different states and with Indian tribes; In 1786, Alexander Hamilton, a New York lawyer and politician, requested a constitutional convention to discuss the case. The Confederation Congress, which supported the idea in February 1787, invited the 13 states to send delegates to a meeting in Philadelphia.

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