During the transition, Prime Minister Boris Johnson`s government will seek to negotiate an ambitious free trade agreement – unprecedented in time – with its 27 former partners who remain in the bloc. The ratification of the deal by the European Parliament is the latest hurdle in the divorce process and comes just two days before Britain leaves the bloc at midnight on January 31. Politicians join the transfer of Auld Lang Syne following a vote on confirming the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on Friday On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020[40] and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by email on 30 January 2020[41]. [42] Accordingly, on 30. deposited its instrument of ratification of the Agreement in January 2020, thus supplementing the Agreement[43] and enabling it to enter into force at 11 .m on the date of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union. GMT January 31, 2020. On 15 November 2018, one day after the UK government cabinet presented and supported the agreement, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for Withdrawal from the European Union. [28] Britain`s withdrawal from the European Union was enshrined in law on Wednesday when the EU parliament voted to ratify divorce documents amid emotional scenes. The Withdrawal Agreement provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which the UK will remain in the Single Market to ensure smooth trade until a long-term relationship is agreed. If no agreement is reached by that date, the UK will leave the single market on 1 January 2021 without a trade agreement. A non-binding political declaration on the future relationship between the EU and the UK is closely linked to the Withdrawal Agreement. The Declaration on the Future Relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as the Political Declaration, is a non-binding declaration negotiated and signed at the same time as the binding and broader Withdrawal Agreement in the context of the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union (EU), colloquially known as Brexit, and the expected end of the transition period.

With regard to the Irish border issue, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is annexed to the agreement and sets out a fallback position that will only enter into force if no other effective arrangement is demonstrated before the end of the transition period. If this happens, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will remain in some aspects of the single market until such a demonstration is achieved. None of the parties can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland where customs controls are necessary. [19] The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border arrangements and dispute settlement. .

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